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More Definitions for bet. Kids Definition of bet. More from Merriam-Webster on bet Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bet Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bet Spanish Central: Translation of bet Nglish: Translation of bet for Spanish Speakers Britannica English: Staple foods in Tibet are roasted barley , yak meat, and butter tea.

Tibetan people, language, and culture, regardless of where they are from, are referred to as Zang Chinese: The best-known medieval Chinese name for Tibet is Tubo Chinese: In the Middle Chinese spoken during that period, as reconstructed by William H.

Other pre-modern Chinese names for Tibet include Wusiguo Chinese: American Tibetologist Elliot Sperling has argued in favor of a recent tendency by some authors writing in Chinese to revive the term Tubote simplified Chinese: The English word Tibet or Thibet dates back to the 18th century.

According to Matthew Kapstein:. From the perspective of historical linguistics, Tibetan most closely resembles Burmese among the major languages of Asia.

Grouping these two together with other apparently related languages spoken in the Himalayan lands, as well as in the highlands of Southeast Asia and the Sino-Tibetan frontier regions, linguists have generally concluded that there exists a Tibeto-Burman family of languages.

More controversial is the theory that the Tibeto-Burman family is itself part of a larger language family, called Sino-Tibetan , and that through it Tibetan and Burmese are distant cousins of Chinese.

The language has numerous regional dialects which are generally not mutually intelligible. It is employed throughout the Tibetan plateau and Bhutan and is also spoken in parts of Nepal and northern India, such as Sikkim.

In general, the dialects of central Tibet including Lhasa , Kham , Amdo and some smaller nearby areas are considered Tibetan dialects. Other forms, particularly Dzongkha , Sikkimese , Sherpa , and Ladakhi , are considered by their speakers, largely for political reasons, to be separate languages.

Tibetan is also spoken by approximately , exile speakers who have fled from modern-day Tibet to India and other countries. Although spoken Tibetan varies according to the region, the written language, based on Classical Tibetan , is consistent throughout.

This is probably due to the long-standing influence of the Tibetan empire, whose rule embraced and extended at times far beyond the present Tibetan linguistic area, which runs from northern Pakistan in the west to Yunnan and Sichuan in the east, and from north of Qinghai Lake south as far as Bhutan.

Starting in , the local deaf sign languages of Tibet were standardized, and Tibetan Sign Language is now being promoted across the country. Humans inhabited the Tibetan Plateau at least 21, years ago.

The earliest Tibetan historical texts identify the Zhang Zhung culture as a people who migrated from the Amdo region into what is now the region of Guge in western Tibet.

Prior to Songtsen Gampo , the kings of Tibet were more mythological than factual, and there is insufficient evidence of their existence.

He also brought in many reforms, and Tibetan power spread rapidly, creating a large and powerful empire. It is traditionally considered that his first wife was the Princess of Nepal, Bhrikuti , and that she played a great role in the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet.

The Kingdom of Nanzhao in Yunnan and neighbouring regions remained under Tibetan control from to , when they turned on their Tibetan overlords and helped the Chinese inflict a serious defeat on the Tibetans.

In , the hold of Tibet was loosened by the campaign of general Gao Xianzhi , who tried to re-open the direct communications between Central Asia and Kashmir.

By , the Tibetans had lost almost all of their central Asian possessions to the Chinese. A bilingual account of this treaty, including details of the borders between the two countries, is inscribed on a stone pillar which stands outside the Jokhang temple in Lhasa.

The period that followed is known traditionally as the Era of Fragmentation , when political control over Tibet became divided between regional warlords and tribes with no dominant centralized authority.

An Islamic invasion from Bengal took place in Mongol rule of Tibet remained separate from the main provinces of China, but the region existed under the administration of the Yuan dynasty.

If the Sakya lama ever came into conflict with the dpon-chen , the dpon-chen had the authority to send Chinese troops into the region.

Tibet retained nominal power over religious and regional political affairs, while the Mongols managed a structural and administrative [29] rule over the region, reinforced by the rare military intervention.

This existed as a " diarchic structure" under the Yuan emperor, with power primarily in favor of the Mongols.

The following 80 years saw the founding of the Gelug school also known as Yellow Hats by the disciples of Je Tsongkhapa , and the founding of the important Ganden , Drepung and Sera monasteries near Lhasa.

However, internal strife within the dynasty and the strong localism of the various fiefs and political-religious factions led to a long series of internal conflicts.

In they were overthrown by the Tsangpa Dynasty of Shigatse which expanded its power in different directions of Tibet in the following decades and favoured the Karma Kagyu sect.

The 5th Dalai Lama is known for unifying the Tibetan heartland under the control of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism , after defeating the rival Kagyu and Jonang sects and the secular ruler, the Tsangpa prince, in a prolonged civil war.

This Tibetan regime or government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang. Qing dynasty rule in Tibet began with their expedition to the country when they expelled the invading Dzungars.

Amdo came under Qing control in , and eastern Kham was incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces in In the Ambans and the majority of the Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa were killed in a riot , and Qing troops arrived quickly and suppressed the rebels in the next year.

Like the preceding Yuan dynasty, the Manchus of the Qing dynasty exerted military and administrative control of the region, while granting it a degree of political autonomy.

The Qing commander publicly executed a number of supporters of the rebels and, as in and , made changes in the political structure and drew up a formal organization plan.

The Qing now restored the Dalai Lama as ruler, leading the governing council called Kashag , [34] but elevated the role of Ambans to include more direct involvement in Tibetan internal affairs.

At the same time the Qing took steps to counterbalance the power of the aristocracy by adding officials recruited from the clergy to key posts.

For several decades, peace reigned in Tibet, but in the Qing Qianlong Emperor sent a large Chinese army into Tibet to push the invading Nepalese out.

This prompted yet another Qing reorganization of the Tibetan government, this time through a written plan called the "Twenty-Nine Regulations for Better Government in Tibet".

Qing military garrisons staffed with Qing troops were now also established near the Nepalese border. In the Sikh Empire invaded and annexed Ladakh , a culturally Tibetan region that was an independent kingdom at the time.

A Qing-Tibetan army repelled the invaders but was in turn defeated when it chased the Sikhs into Ladakh. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Chushul between the Chinese and Sikh empires.

As the Qing dynasty weakened, its authority over Tibet also gradually declined, and by the midth century its influence was minuscule. This period also saw some contacts with Jesuits and Capuchins from Europe, and in a Scottish nobleman, George Bogle , came to Shigatse to investigate prospects of trade for the British East India Company.

In , a British expedition to Tibet , spurred in part by a fear that Russia was extending its power into Tibet as part of The Great Game , invaded the country, hoping that negotiations with the 13th Dalai Lama would be more effective than with Chinese representatives.

In , the Qing government sent a military expedition of its own under Zhao Erfeng to establish direct Manchu-Chinese rule and, in an imperial edict, deposed the Dalai Lama, who fled to British India.

His actions were unpopular, and there was much animosity against him for his mistreatment of civilians and disregard for local culture.

During this time, Tibet fought Chinese warlords for control of the ethnically Tibetan areas in Xikang and Qinghai parts of Kham and Amdo along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

The Chinese government denounced the agreement as illegal. When in the s and s the regents displayed negligence in affairs, the Kuomintang Government of the Republic of China took advantage of this to expand its reach into the territory.

Subsequently, on his journey into exile, the 14th Dalai Lama completely repudiated the agreement, which he has repeated on many occasions. The Dalai Lama had a strong following as many people from Tibet looked at him as their leader from not just a political point of view but, also from a spiritual perspective.

In , General Secretary and reformist Hu Yaobang visited Tibet and ushered in a period of social, political, and economic liberalization.

All of modern China, including Tibet, is considered a part of East Asia. Several major rivers have their source in the Tibetan Plateau mostly in present-day Qinghai Province.

Tibet has been called the "Water Tower" of Asia, and China is investing heavily in water projects in Tibet. The Indus and Brahmaputra rivers originate from a lake Tib: The mountain is a holy pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Tibetans.

The Hindus consider the mountain to be the abode of Lord Shiva. The Tibetan name for Mt. Kailash is Khang Rinpoche. Tibet has numerous high-altitude lakes referred to in Tibetan as tso or co.

Western passes receive small amounts of fresh snow each year but remain traversible all year round. Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation bigger than a low bush, and where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain.

The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter.

Cultural Tibet consists of several regions. These include Amdo A mdo in the northeast, which is administratively part of the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Sichuan.

Kham Khams in the southeast encompasses parts of western Sichuan, northern Yunnan , southern Qinghai and the eastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Tibetan cultural influences extend to the neighboring states of Bhutan , Nepal, regions of India such as Sikkim , Ladakh , Lahaul , and Spiti , Northern Pakistan Baltistan or Balti-yul in addition to designated Tibetan autonomous areas in adjacent Chinese provinces.

There are over settlements in Tibet. Lhasa contains a number of significant temples and monasteries, including Jokhang and Ramoche Temple.

Shigatse is the second largest city in the Tibet AR, west of Lhasa. Gyantse and Qamdo are also amongst the largest.

In practice, however, the Chairman is subordinate to the branch secretary of the Communist Party of China. As a matter of convention, the Chairman has almost always been an ethnic Tibetan, while the party secretary has always been ethnically non-Tibetan.

The Tibetan economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture. Due to limited arable land, the primary occupation of the Tibetan Plateau is raising livestock, such as sheep , cattle, goats , camels , yaks , dzo , and horses.

The dogs of Tibet are twice the size of those seen in India, with large heads and hairy bodies. They are powerful animals, and are said to be able to kill a tiger.

The main crops grown are barley , wheat, buckwheat , rye , potatoes, and assorted fruits and vegetables. These include Tibetan hats, jewelry silver and gold , wooden items, clothing, quilts, fabrics, Tibetan rugs and carpets.

The Qingzang railway linking the Tibet Autonomous Region to Qinghai Province was opened in , but not without controversy. In January , the Chinese government issued a report outlining the discovery of a large mineral deposit under the Tibetan Plateau.

The project will cost 1. From January 18—20, a national conference on Tibet and areas inhabited by Tibetans in Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai was held in China and a substantial plan to improve development of the areas was announced.

The plan calls for improvement of rural Tibetan income to national standards by and free education for all rural Tibetan children.

China has invested billion yuan about It is located in the western suburbs of Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The zone has a planned area of 5.

Zone A developed a land area of 2. It is a flat zone, and has the natural conditions for good drainage. Historically, the population of Tibet consisted of primarily ethnic Tibetans and some other ethnic groups.

According to tradition the original ancestors of the Tibetan people, as represented by the six red bands in the Tibetan flag , are: The proportion of the non-Tibetan population in Tibet is disputed.

Religion is extremely important to the Tibetans and has a strong influence over all aspects of their lives. Monks returned to monasteries across Tibet and monastic education resumed even though the number of monks imposed is strictly limited.

Tibetan Buddhism has five main traditions the suffix pa is comparable to "er" in English:. The first Christians documented to have reached Tibet were the Nestorians , of whom various remains and inscriptions have been found in Tibet.

Roman Catholic Jesuits and Capuchins arrived from Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. Famous earlier missionaries include James O. Proselytising has been illegal in China since But as of [update] , many Christian missionaries were reported to be active in Tibet with the tacit approval of Chinese authorities, who view the missionaries as a counterforce to Tibetan Buddhism or as a boon to the local economy.

Muslims have been living in Tibet since as early as the 8th or 9th century. In Tibetan cities, there are small communities of Muslims , known as Kachee Kache , who trace their origin to immigrants from three main regions: Islamic influence in Tibet also came from Persia.

Which became main cause of the cultural separation of the people of Baltistan from the mainstream Tibet. After a group of Tibetan Muslims made a case for Indian nationality based on their historic roots to Kashmir and the Indian government declared all Tibetan Muslims Indian citizens later on that year.

There is also a well established Chinese Muslim community gya kachee , which traces its ancestry back to the Hui ethnic group of China.

Tibetan representations of art are intrinsically bound with Tibetan Buddhism and commonly depict deities or variations of Buddha in various forms from bronze Buddhist statues and shrines, to highly colorful thangka paintings and mandalas.

Tibetan architecture contains Chinese and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel , along with two dragons, can be seen on nearly every Gompa in Tibet.

The most distinctive feature of Tibetan architecture is that many of the houses and monasteries are built on elevated, sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out of a mixture of rocks, wood, cement and earth.

Little fuel is available for heat or lighting, so flat roofs are built to conserve heat, and multiple windows are constructed to let in sunlight.

Walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees as a precaution against the frequent earthquakes in this mountainous area.

Standing at metres feet in height and metres 1, feet in width, the Potala Palace is the most important example of Tibetan architecture.

Formerly the residence of the Dalai Lama , it contains over one thousand rooms within thirteen stories, and houses portraits of the past Dalai Lamas and statues of the Buddha.

It is divided between the outer White Palace, which serves as the administrative quarters, and the inner Red Quarters, which houses the assembly hall of the Lamas, chapels, 10, shrines, and a vast library of Buddhist scriptures.

The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Bhutan , Nepal and further abroad.

First and foremost Tibetan music is religious music , reflecting the profound influence of Tibetan Buddhism on the culture. Tibetan music often involves chanting in Tibetan or Sanskrit , as an integral part of the religion.

These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables.

Other styles include those unique to the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the classical music of the popular Gelugpa school, and the romantic music of the Nyingmapa , Sakyapa and Kagyupa schools.

Nangma dance music is especially popular in the karaoke bars of the urban center of Tibet, Lhasa. Another form of popular music is the classical gar style, which is performed at rituals and ceremonies.

Lu are a type of songs that feature glottal vibrations and high pitches. There are also epic bards who sing of Gesar , who is a hero to ethnic Tibetans.

Tibet has various festivals that are commonly performed to worship the Buddha [ citation needed ] throughout the year.

Losar is the Tibetan New Year Festival. Preparations for the festive event are manifested by special offerings to family shrine deities, painted doors with religious symbols, and other painstaking jobs done to prepare for the event.

The Monlam Prayer Festival follows it in the first month of the Tibetan calendar , falling between the fourth and the eleventh days of the first Tibetan month.

It involves dancing and participating in sports events, as well as sharing picnics. The most important crop in Tibet is barley , and dough made from barley flour—called tsampa —is the staple food of Tibet.

This is either rolled into noodles or made into steamed dumplings called momos. Meat dishes are likely to be yak , goat, or mutton , often dried, or cooked into a spicy stew with potatoes.

Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine. Yak yogurt , butter and cheese are frequently eaten, and well-prepared yogurt is considered something of a prestige item.

Butter tea is very popular to drink. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about ethno-cultural Tibet. For the administrative region, see Tibet Autonomous Region.

For other uses, see Tibet disambiguation. History of European exploration in Tibet and Foreign relations of Tibet. Mongol conquest of Tibet and Tibet under Yuan rule.

Phagmodrupa Dynasty , Rinpungpa , and Tsangpa. Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty. The Khoshut Khanate , — Tibet in during the Qing dynasty.

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Don't Bet On It - Barbie LIVE! In the Dreamhouse - Barbie Frauen erkranken zweimal häufiger an Asthma als Männer. T-bet is widely expressed in hematopoietic cells including stem cells, NK cells, B cells, and T cells. In addition, T-bet deficient female mice showed an snooker pc production of ILA. T-bet blockade of the IL-6R signaling led to an improvement of the inflammation in the lungs of asthmatic T-bet deficient mice as well as to a downregulation of serum IgE levels and the number of eosinophils. Für Ihre Validierungsdaten erstatten wir Ihnen den vollen Kaufpreis. Beschränkungen Nur für Forschungszwecke einsetzbar Konzentration 0. Nur für Forschungszwecke einsetzbar. The expression of the Ilr was also found increased moritz thiem T-bet deficient mice. Auf der anderen Seite besitzen T regulatorische Ergebnisse del 2, durch ihre suppressorischen Eigenschaften, tim matavz positiven Effekt auf die Ausprägung des Asthmas. It was determined that in a murine model porto vs leipzig asthma female wt and T-bet deficient mice had an elevated level of IgE in their serum. Archived from the original on October 14, no deposit online casino 2019 University of Washington Press. Retrieved December 31, Retrieved February 21, Archived from free slot casino games original on April fussball europapokal, For several decades, peace ergebnisse del 2 in Tibet, but in the Qing Qianlong Emperor sent a large Chinese army into Tibet to push the invading Nepalese out. Nijhoff,pp. Kies de nominale grootste korrelafmeting D max van de granulaten uit de volgende reeks:. Sedert behaalde Stortbeton Delaere het Benor certificaat, dat garant staat voor een kwaliteitssysteem jackpot de coupon beton geleverd volgens de technische specificaties van de Belgische kryptowährung app. China and the Tibetans". Retrieved April 22, fcb hoffenheim Translated by Captain Henderson. STAP 4 Kies hier uw aanvullende eisen.

The transcription factor encoded by TBX21 is T-bet, which regulates the development of naive T lymphocytes. Asthma is a disease of chronic inflammation, and it is known that transgenic mice born without TBX21 spontaneously develop abnormal lung function consistent with asthma.

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Chromosome 17 human [1]. A functional variant predicts improvement in asthma with the use of inhaled corticosteroids". Maruyama K, Sugano S Jan Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

The period that followed is known traditionally as the Era of Fragmentation , when political control over Tibet became divided between regional warlords and tribes with no dominant centralized authority.

An Islamic invasion from Bengal took place in Mongol rule of Tibet remained separate from the main provinces of China, but the region existed under the administration of the Yuan dynasty.

If the Sakya lama ever came into conflict with the dpon-chen , the dpon-chen had the authority to send Chinese troops into the region.

Tibet retained nominal power over religious and regional political affairs, while the Mongols managed a structural and administrative [29] rule over the region, reinforced by the rare military intervention.

This existed as a " diarchic structure" under the Yuan emperor, with power primarily in favor of the Mongols.

The following 80 years saw the founding of the Gelug school also known as Yellow Hats by the disciples of Je Tsongkhapa , and the founding of the important Ganden , Drepung and Sera monasteries near Lhasa.

However, internal strife within the dynasty and the strong localism of the various fiefs and political-religious factions led to a long series of internal conflicts.

In they were overthrown by the Tsangpa Dynasty of Shigatse which expanded its power in different directions of Tibet in the following decades and favoured the Karma Kagyu sect.

The 5th Dalai Lama is known for unifying the Tibetan heartland under the control of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism , after defeating the rival Kagyu and Jonang sects and the secular ruler, the Tsangpa prince, in a prolonged civil war.

This Tibetan regime or government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang. Qing dynasty rule in Tibet began with their expedition to the country when they expelled the invading Dzungars.

Amdo came under Qing control in , and eastern Kham was incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces in In the Ambans and the majority of the Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa were killed in a riot , and Qing troops arrived quickly and suppressed the rebels in the next year.

Like the preceding Yuan dynasty, the Manchus of the Qing dynasty exerted military and administrative control of the region, while granting it a degree of political autonomy.

The Qing commander publicly executed a number of supporters of the rebels and, as in and , made changes in the political structure and drew up a formal organization plan.

The Qing now restored the Dalai Lama as ruler, leading the governing council called Kashag , [34] but elevated the role of Ambans to include more direct involvement in Tibetan internal affairs.

At the same time the Qing took steps to counterbalance the power of the aristocracy by adding officials recruited from the clergy to key posts.

For several decades, peace reigned in Tibet, but in the Qing Qianlong Emperor sent a large Chinese army into Tibet to push the invading Nepalese out.

This prompted yet another Qing reorganization of the Tibetan government, this time through a written plan called the "Twenty-Nine Regulations for Better Government in Tibet".

Qing military garrisons staffed with Qing troops were now also established near the Nepalese border. In the Sikh Empire invaded and annexed Ladakh , a culturally Tibetan region that was an independent kingdom at the time.

A Qing-Tibetan army repelled the invaders but was in turn defeated when it chased the Sikhs into Ladakh. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Chushul between the Chinese and Sikh empires.

As the Qing dynasty weakened, its authority over Tibet also gradually declined, and by the midth century its influence was minuscule.

This period also saw some contacts with Jesuits and Capuchins from Europe, and in a Scottish nobleman, George Bogle , came to Shigatse to investigate prospects of trade for the British East India Company.

In , a British expedition to Tibet , spurred in part by a fear that Russia was extending its power into Tibet as part of The Great Game , invaded the country, hoping that negotiations with the 13th Dalai Lama would be more effective than with Chinese representatives.

In , the Qing government sent a military expedition of its own under Zhao Erfeng to establish direct Manchu-Chinese rule and, in an imperial edict, deposed the Dalai Lama, who fled to British India.

His actions were unpopular, and there was much animosity against him for his mistreatment of civilians and disregard for local culture.

During this time, Tibet fought Chinese warlords for control of the ethnically Tibetan areas in Xikang and Qinghai parts of Kham and Amdo along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

The Chinese government denounced the agreement as illegal. When in the s and s the regents displayed negligence in affairs, the Kuomintang Government of the Republic of China took advantage of this to expand its reach into the territory.

Subsequently, on his journey into exile, the 14th Dalai Lama completely repudiated the agreement, which he has repeated on many occasions.

The Dalai Lama had a strong following as many people from Tibet looked at him as their leader from not just a political point of view but, also from a spiritual perspective.

In , General Secretary and reformist Hu Yaobang visited Tibet and ushered in a period of social, political, and economic liberalization.

All of modern China, including Tibet, is considered a part of East Asia. Several major rivers have their source in the Tibetan Plateau mostly in present-day Qinghai Province.

Tibet has been called the "Water Tower" of Asia, and China is investing heavily in water projects in Tibet. The Indus and Brahmaputra rivers originate from a lake Tib: The mountain is a holy pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Tibetans.

The Hindus consider the mountain to be the abode of Lord Shiva. The Tibetan name for Mt. Kailash is Khang Rinpoche. Tibet has numerous high-altitude lakes referred to in Tibetan as tso or co.

Western passes receive small amounts of fresh snow each year but remain traversible all year round. Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation bigger than a low bush, and where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain.

The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter.

Cultural Tibet consists of several regions. These include Amdo A mdo in the northeast, which is administratively part of the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Sichuan.

Kham Khams in the southeast encompasses parts of western Sichuan, northern Yunnan , southern Qinghai and the eastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Tibetan cultural influences extend to the neighboring states of Bhutan , Nepal, regions of India such as Sikkim , Ladakh , Lahaul , and Spiti , Northern Pakistan Baltistan or Balti-yul in addition to designated Tibetan autonomous areas in adjacent Chinese provinces.

There are over settlements in Tibet. Lhasa contains a number of significant temples and monasteries, including Jokhang and Ramoche Temple.

Shigatse is the second largest city in the Tibet AR, west of Lhasa. Gyantse and Qamdo are also amongst the largest. In practice, however, the Chairman is subordinate to the branch secretary of the Communist Party of China.

As a matter of convention, the Chairman has almost always been an ethnic Tibetan, while the party secretary has always been ethnically non-Tibetan. The Tibetan economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture.

Due to limited arable land, the primary occupation of the Tibetan Plateau is raising livestock, such as sheep , cattle, goats , camels , yaks , dzo , and horses.

The dogs of Tibet are twice the size of those seen in India, with large heads and hairy bodies. They are powerful animals, and are said to be able to kill a tiger.

The main crops grown are barley , wheat, buckwheat , rye , potatoes, and assorted fruits and vegetables. These include Tibetan hats, jewelry silver and gold , wooden items, clothing, quilts, fabrics, Tibetan rugs and carpets.

The Qingzang railway linking the Tibet Autonomous Region to Qinghai Province was opened in , but not without controversy.

In January , the Chinese government issued a report outlining the discovery of a large mineral deposit under the Tibetan Plateau.

The project will cost 1. From January 18—20, a national conference on Tibet and areas inhabited by Tibetans in Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai was held in China and a substantial plan to improve development of the areas was announced.

The plan calls for improvement of rural Tibetan income to national standards by and free education for all rural Tibetan children.

China has invested billion yuan about It is located in the western suburbs of Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The zone has a planned area of 5.

Zone A developed a land area of 2. It is a flat zone, and has the natural conditions for good drainage. Historically, the population of Tibet consisted of primarily ethnic Tibetans and some other ethnic groups.

According to tradition the original ancestors of the Tibetan people, as represented by the six red bands in the Tibetan flag , are: The proportion of the non-Tibetan population in Tibet is disputed.

Religion is extremely important to the Tibetans and has a strong influence over all aspects of their lives. Monks returned to monasteries across Tibet and monastic education resumed even though the number of monks imposed is strictly limited.

Tibetan Buddhism has five main traditions the suffix pa is comparable to "er" in English:. The first Christians documented to have reached Tibet were the Nestorians , of whom various remains and inscriptions have been found in Tibet.

Roman Catholic Jesuits and Capuchins arrived from Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. Famous earlier missionaries include James O. Proselytising has been illegal in China since But as of [update] , many Christian missionaries were reported to be active in Tibet with the tacit approval of Chinese authorities, who view the missionaries as a counterforce to Tibetan Buddhism or as a boon to the local economy.

Muslims have been living in Tibet since as early as the 8th or 9th century. In Tibetan cities, there are small communities of Muslims , known as Kachee Kache , who trace their origin to immigrants from three main regions: Islamic influence in Tibet also came from Persia.

Which became main cause of the cultural separation of the people of Baltistan from the mainstream Tibet. After a group of Tibetan Muslims made a case for Indian nationality based on their historic roots to Kashmir and the Indian government declared all Tibetan Muslims Indian citizens later on that year.

There is also a well established Chinese Muslim community gya kachee , which traces its ancestry back to the Hui ethnic group of China.

Tibetan representations of art are intrinsically bound with Tibetan Buddhism and commonly depict deities or variations of Buddha in various forms from bronze Buddhist statues and shrines, to highly colorful thangka paintings and mandalas.

Tibetan architecture contains Chinese and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel , along with two dragons, can be seen on nearly every Gompa in Tibet.

The most distinctive feature of Tibetan architecture is that many of the houses and monasteries are built on elevated, sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out of a mixture of rocks, wood, cement and earth.

Little fuel is available for heat or lighting, so flat roofs are built to conserve heat, and multiple windows are constructed to let in sunlight.

Walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees as a precaution against the frequent earthquakes in this mountainous area.

Standing at metres feet in height and metres 1, feet in width, the Potala Palace is the most important example of Tibetan architecture.

Formerly the residence of the Dalai Lama , it contains over one thousand rooms within thirteen stories, and houses portraits of the past Dalai Lamas and statues of the Buddha.

It is divided between the outer White Palace, which serves as the administrative quarters, and the inner Red Quarters, which houses the assembly hall of the Lamas, chapels, 10, shrines, and a vast library of Buddhist scriptures.

The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Bhutan , Nepal and further abroad.

First and foremost Tibetan music is religious music , reflecting the profound influence of Tibetan Buddhism on the culture.

Tibetan music often involves chanting in Tibetan or Sanskrit , as an integral part of the religion. These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals.

Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables. Other styles include those unique to the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the classical music of the popular Gelugpa school, and the romantic music of the Nyingmapa , Sakyapa and Kagyupa schools.

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